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I have a Breville Express, 870XL I think, (single broiler, built in grinder). Lately during pre-infusion, a lot of coffee has been coming through before the pressure ramps up, while it's still low and in pre-infusion.

If I put the grind size very fine (a 3 or 4 on the dial) I'll get less during pre-infusion, but even less during the real extraction and also it'll be sour or whatever; you can't taste the flavour of the coffee. This happens both with the single filter and double filter.

I've had the machine for 6 months. Surprisingly the descale light has never come on, so I've never descaled it. I'm trying to keep the grounds even and I use the razor to even out the ground at the end (I blow out excess grounds dug up by the razor).

I'm not sure how to troublshoot this, beyond the different grind settings I tried.

EDIT: I am manually tamping. It looks even when i tamp and I usually tamp as hard as i can without putting my body weight into it, then I use the razor. I try to dose enough, such that after i tamp, I can use the razor to clear off a little from the top, so I know it's even.

Is it possible it's just the beans? This all started when I got new beans from a super highly rated cafe in San Fran, I think. They were already 3 weeks old when i bought them and it's been 2 weeks since then. I just didn't think it would matter for water going through pre-infusion... like how is there even enough water to go through the puck during pre-infusion, I assumed it would barely be enough to wet the puck.

EDIT: Using a fresh decaf bean now from Monogram and I'm having the same issue. It perplexes me that water flows through during pre-infusion and I ALSO still get espresso ranged pressure during the main extraction. Like, if water flows through with no pressure, then shouldn't it flow through faster with lots of pressure? Or instead shouldn't it be impossible to get high pressure, if water can flow through with no pressure? The physics of this whole thing confuses me.

  • Do you tamp manually or do you have something to make the tamp very consistent (e.g. a pressure based tamper or one of those things you have to turn)? – JJJ Jul 9 at 22:20
  • i do not understand the use of the razor. after tamping, the surface should already be level and even, if done right. if you shave of something, you are destroying the tamped surface. also, with a high dose like this, there is no space to ramp up preassure slowly, id assume. – ths Jul 10 at 16:13
  • @ths it used to work very well, but since the last beans I used it's been poor. I just finish those beans and tried some new decaf beans and im having the same issue. I would use a finer setting for the grounds, but my pressure after pre-inf is already very high. Like how is water flowing through the portafilter equally fast with and without pressure? I don't understand the physics of it. – Jason McCarrell Jul 11 at 17:06
  • @ths I tamp manually and I usually put as much pressure as I can without putting my weight behind it. I can't be certain, but I'd guess it to be about 30lbs of pressure. – Jason McCarrell Jul 11 at 17:07
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I agree with @JJJ's comment. This seems like a tamping problem.

Still, I advise you to check what you've changed recently. Check whether you've changed a setting or beans. For example, if you switched from Java beans to Ethiopian Sidamo, you may experience lighter tastes. Actually, you need to set up yourself for each new set of beans. If this is not the case, please follow.

As far as I understood based on the use of razor, you're trying to tamp manually. Try to keep the tamping even and use a force between 12 and 20 kgf.

If the machine has an automatic tamping mechanism, very probably it has a setting for that. For example, you may see tender/regular/strong coffee settings which are actually setting the tamping force of the automatic mechanism.

  • It's manual and I always overfill the portafilter a bit, so after I tamp I can use the razor to ensure it's even. The beans are new, but would beans cause such a dramatic amount of water to go through during preinfusion? Like 1/3rd of the liquid of the shot goes through during pre-infusion, is it normal for that much water to be dispensed during that period? – Jason McCarrell Jul 10 at 13:58
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    @JasonMcCarrell beans certainly play a role, especially if you don't adjust your grind size after switching beans. As for the razor, I'm not sure, but I think it's meant to level it before tamping. After tamping, there should be some room between the coffee and the top of the portafilter. Otherwise, your tamp would touch the shower screen when inserting, probably messing up the tamp again. – JJJ Jul 11 at 3:28
  • @JasonMcCarrell, as a rule of thumb, you should expect 1 ml per second. So, for a standard cup of espresso, it should take 30 seconds and your cup must be filled up to 30 ml. If this is less, it is very probably the tamp is so tight. If this is more, very probably the tamp is so loose. – MTSan Jul 11 at 11:44
  • @MTSan should i expect 1ml per second even during pre-infusion? JJJ: The Breville instruction booklet instructs to use the razor AFTER tamping, to level it out. If it was done before tamping, then there's no chance there's be enough grounds in the porta filter (it would be way too short) – Jason McCarrell Jul 11 at 17:00
  • @JasonMcCarrell ah I see, the razor goes into the basket itself at a fixed level. As for the flow rate MTSan mentions, I wouldn't stick to that too strongly. A 1:1 (all based on mass) is a ristretto (less bitter) and a 1:3 is a lungo. All three have their pros and cons and it's easier to adjust based on how you like the taste of the result. I'll try to write an answer with a few more factors and by playing with it you develop more of a feel of when it's good or just sufficient and how those factors impact the taste in your case. – JJJ Jul 12 at 3:55
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As I said in a comment, I'll lay out a few factors that you need to experiment with.

If I put the grind size very fine (a 3 or 4 on the dial) I'll get less during pre-infusion, but even less during the real extraction and also it'll be sour or whatever; you can't taste the flavour of the coffee. This happens both with the single filter and double filter.

So this is the first factor: grind size. You can probably still tweak it a bit and you'll want to do so with the smallest step the machine allows. I don't know how many steps your machine has (my Oracle goes from 0 to 45, I think) and it allows a decent adjustment in grind size. It's not as good as a dedicated high-end espresso grinder, but it helps to to tune in the right direction pretty well.

If you're not extracting enough then you're grinding too fine or tamping too hard. So that's why I commented about tamping which is the second factor. Those two are related, if you grind super find but tamp it only very lightly then you'll still get a full extraction. The trick is to find a balance between the two and that can change from one bean to another. So instead of taming harder on the coarser grind, you can also try a finer grind with a gentler tamp.

Surprisingly the descale light has never come on, so I've never descaled it. I'm trying to keep the grounds even and I use the razor to even out the ground at the end (I blow out excess grounds dug up by the razor).

This is yet another factor. The razor is probably good for reproducibility, assuming it doesn't ruin what remains in the filter. On the other hand, you might benefit from a bit more coffee in the basket, especially when you're using a slightly coarser grind. So this is also a factor to experiment with.

Finally, there's the extraction time. While it's often advised to have about 30 seconds of extraction time, it's certainly not set in stone. Too long and you may get a bitter cup and too short probably won't get enough volume in the cup (or not enough pressure) but it's something to try.

For example, I've had ristrettos taking 40 to 45 seconds on a 1:1 ratio with a fine grind that were nice and sweet. Indeed, had I stopped those shots at 20 to 25 seconds then they would've been sour similar to your description of the very fine grind.


I would use a finer setting for the grounds, but my pressure after pre-inf is already very high. Like how is water flowing through the portafilter equally fast with and without pressure? I don't understand the physics of it.

In reply to this comment, it depends on how your machine does pre-infusion. For example, the Oracle builds pressure normally but it has a relieve valve that you can set at a percentage of the normal / maximum pressure. The minimum for my setting is 55%, so it certainly builds some pressure during pre-infusion.

As for the flow rate, it probably isn't flowing as much at the lower pressure. You could obviously compare the time and even compare with an empty basket, that'll flow a lot faster (at least on my machine it does).


I've had the machine for 6 months. Surprisingly the descale light has never come on, so I've never descaled it.

It's probably a good idea to descale regularly anyway. It depends on the hardness of your water, and it's probably not the culprit here, but I'd try to make it a habit to do at regular intervals (monthly, or bimonthly depending on water quality).

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