The light colored spots just look like chaff to me. It is common for there to be skin that stays connected to that middle fold of the bean.
These beans look completely healthy.
The images used in this website are taken from academic studies as far as I understood, and named at the very end.
As you can see in the first picture, the coffee cherries has
- A skin as a outermost layer (common to most fruits)
- Then, a mucilage; the juicy part of the fruit
- And then the parchment; a very thin skin that separates the juicy part from the bean
Then, we have the bean. The bean has
- A silverskin; another thin skin that's attached to the bean (Sometimes called chaff, see here)
- Endosperm; the most of the bean that we consume as coffee
- Embryo; the gentic material in case you want to grow a new coffee offspring
In the picture shown on the question, we see mostly chaff as the parchment is already gone during the processing of the beans before roasting.
Finally, this photo shows the chaffs and some parchment on the freshly grounded beans very nicely. This is exactly the sight you may see when you roast at home. (Taken from this website).
- Borem, F. ed. Pos-colheita do cafe. Lavras: Editora UFLA, 2008.
- Castro, R. & Marraccini, P. “Cytology, biochemistry and molecular changes during coffee fruit development.” Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 18, Jan – Mar 2006.
- Wintgens, J. N. Coffee: Growing, Processing, Sunstainable Production (2nd ed.). Weinhem: Wiley-VCH, 2009.